Recent Changes

Friday, January 12

  1. page Scripta 4 2016- 2017 edited ... in vacuo: in a vacuum; in emptiness...It is a mistake to make a decision in vacuo (i.e without…
    ...
    in vacuo: in a vacuum; in emptiness...It is a mistake to make a decision in vacuo (i.e without knowing all the facts)
    in medias res: in the middle of things; it's a literary device...an author starts the story in the middle, in the midst of the action,and tell the beginning in flashbacks, or as a memory, or someone telling it to someone else...
    ...
    actual leadership.
    {kim-kardashia-kanye-west-FFN_CHP_Lanvin_Stars_092514_51539627.jpg}
    {vacs.jpg}
    mediate: to get in the middle in order to settle a conflict . The parties involved in the lawsuit have agreed to mediation in order to avoid an expensive and prolonged battle in court.
    Hermes did have children. Most notably, Pan and Hermaphroditus.
    Pan:
    ...
    shepherds and flocks, who was especially popular in Arcadia.flocks. He is
    Pan was also a god of fertility, unbridled male sexuality and carnal desire. He chased nymphs through the forests and mountains in the shape of a goat. Pan was not very liked by the other Greek gods.
    {pan-greek-god-photo-researchers.jpg}
    (view changes)
    8:32 am
  2. file vacs.jpg uploaded
    8:31 am

Wednesday, January 10

  1. page Scripta 4 2016- 2017 edited ... 5. tempus fugit: time flies ( well really, it says "flees" but no one ever translat…
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    5.
    tempus fugit: time flies ( well really, it says "flees" but no one ever translates it that way). ticktocticktocticktoc...the race has already begun and it is later than you think
    {tempus fugit.jpg}
    tabula rasa : a blank slate
    contemporary: existing at the same time...contemporary furniture ( i.e of the era in which you are living)...or Thomas Jefferson and Ben Franklin were contemporaries
    (view changes)
    10:12 am
  2. file tempus fugit.jpg uploaded
    10:12 am

Monday, January 1

  1. page Scripta 3 Latin 2 Punic Wars edited 11/12 1. Dux femina facti: " a woman, the leader of the deed", describing Dido in …

    11/121.
    Dux femina facti: " a woman, the leader of the deed", describing Dido in the Aeneid; later used by Queen Elizabeth I (and Mrs. Marsh) {Elizabeth_I_(Ermine_Portrait).jpg} There she is! (Queen Elizabeth, not Mrs. Marsh) What in the world is up with the rat? ( according to my former student, Matthew Forcier, it is an ermine. I still think it looks like a rat, or possibly a ferret).
    ...
    deal with Al-Quaeda.ISIS.
    {Cato_Major.jpg} That is one serious dude.
    deletorius: full of destruction
    ...
    {claude-augustin-cayot-the-death-of-dido.jpg}
    Punic: Punicus,a,um...the Latin word for Phoenician, hence the Punic Wars are the wars against the Phoenicians, i.e the Carthaginians.
    11/162.
    bellaque matribus detestata: "and wars, hated by mothers" (Horace) apropo for our new unit, yes?
    bella horrida bella: "wars, horrible wars" (Vergil)
    ...
    engineering an empire carthage
    http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/horrid
    11/183.
    si vis pacem para bellum: "if you want peace, prepare for war"...it seems a bit of a paradox.
    amat victoria curam: "victory loves care" so cross your t's and dot your i's.
    ...
    {pyrrhus_277.jpg}
    This map is provided by our friends at the University of Texas.
    11/204.
    damnatio memoriae: "condemnation of memory"; one must not be remembered; a judgment passed upon traitors or others who humiliated or betrayed Rome in some way
    homo homini lupus : "man is a wolf to man" Welcome to God's cruel kingdom.
    ...
    The Romans treated the captured city with unexpected severity. The city was sacked, its population, including the Greeks, sold into slavery. This had the result of turning the Greek population of Sicily against the Romans, making it much harder for them to pose as defenders of Greek liberties against Carthaginian attack. The two consuls involved in the siege of Agrigentum were not awarded a triumph, suggesting a certain dissatisfaction with their efforts.
    http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/siege_agrigentum_262.html
    11/245.
    mors tua, mea vita : "your death, my life"; a fight in which only one person is coming out of it alive.
    x-igni ferroque :" by fire and iron"; how the Romans brought people into the foldigni ferroque :" by fire and iron"; how the Romans brought people into the fold
    ...
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/496279/Marcus-Atilius-Regulus
    {regulus.png} {Regulus_Returning_to_Carthage_-_1791.jpg}
    11/306.
    Urbes constituit aetas, hora dissolvit (Seneca the Younger) Lifetime builds up cities, a single hour ruins them.
    Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori: it is sweet and honorable to die for one's country (Horace)
    ...
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/253349/Hamilcar-Barca {hamilcar.jpg}
    Hamilcar Barca
    12/27.
    viam aut inveniam aut faciam:" Either I will find a way or I will make one". I love this quote. Who said this? None other than our friend and compadre, Hannibal.
    Bellum se alet: "War feeds on itself" Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher, social contract
    ...
    {Rome-Carthage.jpg}
    It's on like donkey kong.
    12/48.
    morior invictus: "I die unvanquished"; death before defeat
    Invictus
    ...
    battle of trebia
    http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/battleswarsto1000/p/trebia.htm
    12/89.
    Ius ad bellum : "right to war"; the criteria for declaring war
    Ius in bello: "right in war"; criteria for behavior in war
    ...
    definite: having distinct limits; free from uncertainty; definite rules
    [[http://www.meenerally annoying thrriam-webster.com/dictionary/definite]]
    12/810.
    Hannibal ante portas: Hannibal before the gates;in 216 BC
    Hannibal directly threatens the city of Rome, but cannot advance due to lack of supplies and reinforcements. This turns out to be a huge mistake on Carthage's part. Now the phrase is used to describe any imminent threat.
    (view changes)
    1:36 pm

Friday, December 1

  1. page Scripta 4 2016- 2017 edited ... The meaning of the festivities is believed to revolve around the symbolic representation of De…
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    The meaning of the festivities is believed to revolve around the symbolic representation of Demeter's search for Persephone. A well accepted theory is that Demeter and Persephone symbolize life, death, and even immortality; that they gave the initiate confidence to face death and a promise of bliss in the dark domain of Hades. Whatever happened in the Telesterion, those who entered in would come out the next morning radically changed.
    http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/eleusinian-mysteries-unresolved-ancient-greek-puzzle-006903
    deus2. deus ex machina:
    An unskilled writer may resort to a deus ex machina like a flood or an earthquake or a rich aunt whom no one knew about to end a story that has become too long or complicated.
    dramatis personae: the characters of the drama
    ...
    According to one myth, Dionysus is the son of the god Zeus and the mortal woman, Semele (daughter of Cadmus of Thebes). Semele is killed by Zeus' lightning bolts while Dionysus is still in her womb. Dionysus is rescued and undergoes a second birth from Zeus after developing in his thigh. Zeus then gives the infant to some nymphs to be raised. In another version, one with more explicit religious overtones, Dionysus, also referred to as Zagreus in this account, is the son of Zeus and Persephone, Queen of the Underworld. Hera gets the Titans to lure the infant with toys, and then they rip him to shreds eating everything but Zagreus' heart, which is saved by either Athena, Rhea, or Demeter. Zeus remakes his son from the heart and implants him in Semele who bears a new Dionysus Zagreus. Hence, as in the earlier account, Dionysus is called "twice born." The latter account formed a part of the Orphic religion's religious mythology.
    http://www.pantheon.org/articles/d/dionysus.htmlDionysus being born...ouch, but not as bad as an actual birth.Bacchus CaravaggioBacchus Michealangelo ( he must have been the busiest man ever)
    12/7 &8&93.
    aqua vitae: the water of life ( liquor)
    absentem laedit cum ebrio qui litigat: He who argues with a drunk fights with someone who is absent; there is no point at all in arguing with a drunk person
    ...
    http://www.dictionarycentral.com/definition/the-bacchae.html
    krewe of Bacchus Mardi Gras
    12/164.
    nunc est bibendum: now is the time for drinking; the beginning line of the poem by Horace about Octavian's defeat of Cleopatra. She killed herself by allowing an asp to bite her.
    {Death-Cleopatra-L.jpg}
    ...
    {ariadnewaterhouse.jpg} Ariadne on Knaxos
    {Ariadne.jpg} Dry your tears my love!
    12/185.
    tempus fugit: time flies ( well really, it says "flees" but no one ever translates it that way). ticktocticktocticktoc...the race has already begun and it is later than you think
    tabula rasa : a blank slate
    (view changes)
    11:24 am

Thursday, November 30

  1. page Scripta 4 2016- 2017 edited {bacchus carravaggio.jpg} 12/5 1. Adeste fidelis: Come ( be present), faithfulAdeste fidelis C…
    {bacchus carravaggio.jpg} 12/51.
    Adeste fidelis: Come ( be present), faithfulAdeste fidelis
    Corpus Christi: the body of Christ
    infidelity: lacking faith
    incorporate: to make into one body of...
    Eleusinian Mysteries and Demeter
    Eleusis: a town situated west of Athens, became the most important religious center of the pagan world during its time. According to the old belief and relates in the Homeric Hymn, Demeter (goddess of agriculture) stopped to rest at Eleusis during her quest for her daughter, Persephone, who was kidnaped by Hades.Demeter wandered the earth, searching for Perseponne. While she was traveliing, she came to Eleusis.
    Taking the form of an old woman , Demeter sits down to rest near a well, where she is approached by the daughters of King Celeus, who have come to fetch water. They treat the disguised goddess sympathetically, and invite her to come to the Palace, since their mother needs a nanny for their young brother. Offered hospitality, Demeter refuses wine, but accepts a drink called kykeion (barley water with pennyroyal). Queen METANEIRA is impressed with the `woman' and gives her employment. Demeter anoints the baby Demophon every evening with ambrosia, and puts the baby in the fire of the hearth to burn away its mortality. But one evening Metaneira spies on Demeter and interrupts the rite. Demeter drops the child in surprise, resumes her divine form, and rebukes Metaneira for interfering with divine secrets which would have made the baby immortal. But Demeter does promise to teach her sacred rituals to the Eleusinians.
    Demeter ordered a temple and altar to be built in her honor. After the joyful reunion of the goddess with the missing Persephone, she instructed the leaders of Eleusis in how to perform her rites. The cult, then, is believed to have been taught directly by Demeter herself.
    {http://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/Demeter-with-her-daughter.jpg} Demeter with her daughter by her side.
    Parts of the Rite
    It is known that different levels of initiation took place in the cult, and that 3 categories of events existed: the dromena (the things which were enacted), the deiknumena (the things which were shown), the logomena (the things which were explained). The Eleusinian mysteries was broken down into two parts, happening at different times of the year: the 'Lesser mysteries', a preliminary initiation involving purification which would have taken place in the spring at Agrae (a suburb of Athens), and the 'Greater mysteries' in Eleusis, which would have taken place during the Autumn, in late September, for those who had been purified in the previous rite. The participants would have spent a number of days in Athens preparing for this second part of the cult.
    A central part of the rite involved the drinking of a sacramental barley and mint beverage called 'kykeon'. It is suggested that the 'kykeon' might have been infused with the fungus ergot and possibly mixed with other hallucinogenic which would, then, produce a strong psychedelic experience, helping with the transformation of the initiates. After drinking the 'kykeon', the initiates entered the Telesterion, which resembled an underground theater, where the secret part of the ritual took place. Historians believe that this part of the rite was a symbolic re-enactment of the death and rebirth of Persephone.
    {http://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/styles/large/public/Eleusis.jpg?itok=vYQfP0ER} View over the excavation site towards Eleusis and the Saronic Gulf.
    Speculators on meanings
    The meaning of the festivities is believed to revolve around the symbolic representation of Demeter's search for Persephone. A well accepted theory is that Demeter and Persephone symbolize life, death, and even immortality; that they gave the initiate confidence to face death and a promise of bliss in the dark domain of Hades. Whatever happened in the Telesterion, those who entered in would come out the next morning radically changed.
    http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/eleusinian-mysteries-unresolved-ancient-greek-puzzle-006903

    deus ex machina: god out of a machine; a theatrical device; any artificial or improbable device used to resolve the difficulties of a plot.
    An unskilled writer may resort to a deus ex machina like a flood or an earthquake or a rich aunt whom no one knew about to end a story that has become too long or complicated.
    ...
    Many a student has fallen prey to the machinations of their peers who encourage them to cheat.
    personify: to be the embodiment of
    ...
    kindness personified. {bacchus
    {bacchus
    carravaggio.jpg}
    Dionysus/Bacchus: the god of wine, theater and revelry...woohoo! He is the rock star of the pantheon and a bit of a foreign god, having come from the East, which the Greeks and the Romans viewed with suspicion.
    ek+stasis+ to stand outside one's self ( ecstasy)
    (view changes)
    7:28 am

Monday, November 20

  1. page Latin I Scripta 3 2017 edited ... Tartarus: the place of torment in the Underworld in the very lowest depths of Hades. This is w…
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    Tartarus: the place of torment in the Underworld in the very lowest depths of Hades. This is where the truly depraved go and where those who challenge the gods go. It is hellish.
    {tartarus-2.png}
    11/29 and 30
    ex tempore: out of
    9.
    in situ: "in place"; in its original position
    Crime scene technicians usually photograph their finds in situ before
    the time; at the moment
    The student had nothing prepared for his presentation so he began to speak ex tempore.
    ex post facto: from what
    evidence is done afterward; retroactively; subsequently
    When
    removed and sent to a new law goes into effect it is unfairlab.
    in re : "in the matter of" ; concerning
    From time
    to applytime it ex post fact,becomes necesssary to contact your mothers in fact the US Constitution forbids the application of laws ex past facto.
    extemporaneous: off the cuff; without preparation...an extemporaneous speech
    re: your performance.
    situate: to place; to position

    sisyphean: really difficult and tedious and yet futile
    http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/retroactive
    ...
    To punish him, Zeus bound Ixion to a winged (sometimes flaming) wheel, which revolved in the air in all directions. Also, by order of the gods, Ixion was forced to call out continuously call out: "You should show gratitude to your benefactor." Ixion became one of the more famous sinners on display on Tartarus, and most writers mention him when describing the place.
    {Ixion_HT_lowres.jpg}
    12/1 &2
    in situ: "in place"; in its original position
    Crime scene technicians usually photograph their finds in situ before the evidence is removed and sent to a lab.
    in re : "in the matter of" ; concerning
    From time to time it becomes necesssary to contact your mothers in re: your performance.
    situate: to place; to position
    10.
    tantalize:to tease or torment by or as if by presenting something desirable to the view but continually keeping it out of reach
    www.merriamwebster.com
    (view changes)
    11:13 am

Tuesday, November 14

  1. page Latin I Scripta 3 2017 edited ... {temple-of-vesta.jpg} Temple of Vesta Roman Forum {temple-of-vesta-virgin-statues.jpg} 6. …
    ...
    {temple-of-vesta.jpg} Temple of Vesta Roman Forum {temple-of-vesta-virgin-statues.jpg}
    6.
    in utero: in the womb
    in vino veritas: in wine there is truth
    {vintner.jpg}
    vintner: a winemaker
    verify: to make certain something is true
    "Trust, but verify." ( Ronald Reagan)

    Demeter/Ceres; goddess of grain and the harvest; sister of Zeus/Jupiter;
    Perseponne/Proserpina; daughter of Ceres; wife of Hades/Pluto
    ...
    Better to cross and be done with it...clash of the gods, Hades
    {charon-large.jpg} {charon.jpg}
    11/18, 21,22
    facilis descensus Averno( Vergil) : the descent
    7.
    placebo: I will please; fake medicine
    sub poena: under penalty
    subpoena: a summons
    to hell is easy
    de mortuis nihil nisi bonus: about the dead ( say) nothing but good
    facilitate: to make easy
    mortuary:
    appear in court or face a placepenalty for preparing the dead for burialnot doing so
    placate: to please; to smooth things over

    Back to the depths:
    Hades is not unguarded. There is a watchdog...a hound of Hades: Cerberus {cerberus roma.jpg}
    ...
    The river Lethe was also considered important because, since many cultures believed in the transmigration of souls and reincarnation, the souls going back had to drink from Lethe to forget all their former lives and the Underworld.
    {la barca de Caronte 1919.jpg}
    11/28 and 29
    placebo: I will please; fake medicine
    sub poena: under penalty
    subpoena:
    8.
    ex tempore: out of the time; at the moment
    The student had nothing prepared for his presentation so he began to speak ex tempore.
    ex post facto: from what is done afterward; retroactively; subsequently
    When
    a summonsnew law goes into effect it is unfair to appearapply it ex post fact, in court or face a penalty for not doing so
    placate: to please;
    fact the US Constitution forbids the application of laws ex past facto.
    extemporaneous: off the cuff; without preparation...an extemporaneous speech
    Elysian: related
    to smooth things overparadise
    After one dies, and crosses over, one goes to the Judgment Hall of Rhadamanthys where one stands to be judged by three former kings:
    RHADAMANTHYS, MINOS & AIAKOS were the three judges of the dead, underworld demi-godsof the underworld. They were originally mortal men, sons of the god Zeus, who were granted their position after death as a reward for the establishment of law on earth.
    (view changes)
    12:13 pm

Thursday, November 9

  1. page Scripta 2017 nov dec hero edited 9/9 Videre vos placet! Spero vos omnes aestate fructus esse. Sed, nunc est laborandum. 1. ooo…
    9/9
    Videre vos placet! Spero vos omnes aestate fructus esse.
    Sed, nunc est laborandum.
    1.
    ooo...let's do some phrases about the virtues of work...which ties in nicely with our hero unit, yes?
    Labor omnes vicit: Work conquers all.
    ...
    What a filius canis!
    perseus and the dearly departed dr campbell's hero's journey
    9/112.
    dum spiro spero: while I breath I hope. It ain't over until it's over.
    Fortuna fortes adiuvat: Fortune favors the brave/strong.
    ...
    {MedusaFrancot.jpg} A sad and lonely Medusa
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perseus
    9/153.
    Qui audet adipiscitur: He ( She) who dares wins
    Non est ad astra mollis e terris via (Seneca the Younger):There is no easy trip from the earth to the stars.
    ...
    Our friend Perseus is going to need some serious assistance. Lucky for him, he has Athena and Hermes both of whom give him gifts to help him on his quest.
    {Pallas Athena Klimt.jpeg} You should want a bad chick like this.
    #arealboss musical accompaniment
    http://www.goddess-athena.org/Encyclopedia/Athena/Perseus.htm
    and Hermes
    (view changes)
    7:41 am

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