5/10

fatale monstrum: a lethal monster ( actually in re: Cleopatra...hater's gonna hate)

oderint dum metuant: let them hate, so long as they fear ( Caligula...Roman emperor and gigantic weirdo)

odious: hateful

fatal: causing death; lethal

Lernrean Hydra: 9 heads, one mortal...if you cut one of the immortal ones off, two grow back! Killed by Hercules!!!!
hydra.jpg hydragetty.jpg

Heracles_Hercules_1.jpg

inemean_lion_rubens.jpg Nemean Lion; Also killed by Hercules!!! Invulnerable to weapons!nemean_lion2.jpg

5/12
de gustibus non disputandum est : concerning taste, there is no dispute

nemo me impune lacessit: no one attacks me with impunity ( crown of Scotland!!!)


dispute: an argument; to argue ( dis+ putare)
impunity: lacking punishment



Let's talk about the MINOTAURTheseus_Slaying_Minotaur_by_Barye.jpg

On the island of Crete, there lived a king named MINOS. Minos was not a terribly secure ruler, and he wished to prove his worthiness. Minos himself, in order to prove his claim to the throne, had promised the sea-god Poseidon that he would sacrifice whatever the god sent him from the sea. Poseidon sent a bull, but Minos thought it was too beautiful to kill, and so he sacrificed another bull. Poseidon was furious with Minos for breaking his promise. In his anger, he made the bull rampage all over Crete, and caused Minos' wife Pasiphae to fall in love with the animal. As a result, Pasiphae gave birth to the Minotaur, a monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man. Minos had to shut up this beast in the Labyrinth, a huge maze underneath the palace, and every year he fed it prisoners from Athens.


Theseus, son of King Aegeus of Athens, was said to have volunteered for the third tribute of youths. He boasted to his father and to all of Athens that he would slay the Minotaur. He promised that on the journey home he would raise his white sails if he was victorious or have the crew fly black sails if he failed and were killed. Upon reaching Crete, the daughters of King Minos: Ariadne and Phaedra fell deeply in love with him. Unable to cope with Theseus being eaten by her half-brother the Minotaur, Ariadne went to Daedalus for help. She begged the craftsman to tell her how one could escape from his Labyrinth. Once he had told her, she raced to tell Theseus before he entered the Labyrinth. Following Daedalus' instructions, she handed Theseus a ball of string to help him find his way out of the Labyrinth. Upon entering the Labyrinth, Theseus tied one end of the string to the door and continued into the maze. He found the Minotaur in the furthest corner of the Labyrinth and killed him with the jabs of his fist (or in other accounts, he sneaks in the sword of Aegeus and slays the Minotaur with it). Unlike the Labyrinth's previous victims, Theseus is able to find his way out, because of Ariadne's gift. Theseus simply follows the thread back through the maze to find his way to the doors. He finds and leads the other Athenians out of the maze and quickly sails off to Athens with Ariadne and Phaedra.
On the journey home, Theseus abandons Ariadne on the island of Naxos and continues to sail to Athens with his intended wife, Phaedra. On Naxos, Ariadne reflects on her actions and naivety of assisting with her brother's murder (the Minotaur) for Theseus, who she thought would marry her. Instead of marrying Theseus, Ariadne is discovered on Naxos by the god, Dionysos, who she ends up marrying. In some versions of this myth, Dionysos appears to Theseus ordering him to abandon Ariadne, because he intends to wed her.
Theseus is overjoyed to be almost home with his new wife Phaedra but absent-mindedly forgets to change the color of his sails from black to white. His father, King Aegeus, seeing the black sails from afar is overcome with grief and kills himself by jumping off a cliff into the sea. It is this act which secures Theseus' place as the new Athenian king and explains the origin name of the Aegean Sea.

minotaur-theseus-2.jpg
external image greece.gif


5/16
cum scuto aut in scuto: with the shield or on the shield; win or die trying

FORTIS CADERE, CEDERE NON POTEST': THE BRAVE MAY FALL, BUT CANNOT YIELD

cadaver: one that has fallen ( in death)

recede: to yield back

Chimera:
external image Chimera.jpg

external image chimera-of-arezzo-bronze-exhibition.jpg

The Chimaera was a hybrid monster in Greek mythology, child of Typhoeus and Echidna and sibling of Cerberus and the Lernaean Hydra. It had the head and body of a lion, as well as the head of a goat that was attached to its back, and a tail that ended on a head of a snake.
It resided in Lycia, a place in Asia Minor, where it ravaged the lands with its fire breath. It was killed by Bellerophon, assisted by Pegasus, when the former was asked by King Iobates of Lycia. Bellerophon rode on Pegasus' back, who could fly, and shot arrows at the Chimera from above.

Beyond mythology, the term "chimera" is used in scientific research to explain an animal that contains more than one set of genetic codings. This is a clear nod to the Greek monster, in that the monster itself is a combination of three different 'normal' animals.


Pegasus was a winged horse who was a child of Medusa and Poseidon that was born from Medusa's severed head ( gross!)
external image pegasus-horse.jpg



5/11
Fluctuat nec mergitur -"It is tossed by the waves but it does not sink" ( beaten but not bowed)

aut neca aut necare: either kill or be killed

submerge: to sink under

fluctuate: to go up and down like a wave


Antaeus:
Antaeus, son of Gaia and Poseidon, was a Libyan giant whose strength appeared invincible. He challenged all passers-by to a wrestling match that he invariably won because he would gain strength from contact with his mother ( Ge, mother Earth). Upon winning, he slaughtered his adversaries. He built a temple to Poseidon made out of the bones of those whom he has killed. He was challenged by Hercules. Hercules realized he could not allow Antaeus to touch the ground, so he held him aloft and crushed him.
hercules-and-antaeus-.jpg
antaeus.jpgAn odd choice for the name of a cologne.

Graeae: old age personified; three old haggy women who share one eye and one tooth.



graeae.jpg

graeae disney.jpg graeae perseus.jpg


5/24
damnatio ad bestias : condemned to the beasts ( thrown to the lions)
Qualis artifex pereo: What an artist dies with me ( Nero's last words)


beastial: concerning beasts
quality: the kind of something


In Greek mythology, a phoenix or phenix (Greek: φοῖνιξ phoinix; Latin: phoenix, phœnix, fenix) is a long-lived bird that is cyclically regenerated or reborn. Associated with the sun, a phoenix obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. According to some sources, the phoenix dies in a show of flames and combustion, although there are other sources that claim that the legendary bird dies and simply decomposes before being born again.[1] According to some texts, the phoenix could live over 1,400 years before rebirth
external image 800px-Phoenix-Fabelwesen.jpg

Nero:
Perhaps the most infamous of Rome’s emperors, Nero Claudius Caesar (37-68 A.D.) ruled Rome from 54 A.D. until his death by suicide 14 years later. He is best known for his debaucheries, political murders, persecution of Christians and a passion for music that led to the probably apocryphal rumor that Nero “fiddled” while Rome burned during the great fire of 64 A.D.
http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/nero
external image article-1216986-06A3E938000005DC-432_306x423.jpg

5/26

Eram quod es, eris quod sum - I was what you are, you will be what I am.bone-church-3.jpg



Pulvis et umbra sumus - We are dust and shadow. (Horace)

umbrella: a little bit of shade (ella...ellla)
pulverize: to turn into dust


external image latest?cb=20140725220634

A HARPY was a female monster in the form of a bird with a human face. They steal food from their victims while they are eating and carry evildoers (especially those who have killed their family) to the Furies. They seem originally to have been wind spirits. Their name means "snatchers".
One of the most famous stories about the Harpies is told in conjunction with Jason and The Argonauts.
external image P20.1Harpyiai.jpg







King Phineus of Thrace was given the gift of prophecy by Zeus. Angry that Phineus gave away the god's secret plan, Zeus punished him by blinding him and putting him on an island with a buffet of food which he could never eat because the harpies always arrived to steal the food out of his hands before he could satisfy his hunger, and befouled the remains of his food. This continued until the arrival of Jason and the Argonauts. The Boreads, sons of Boreas, the North Wind, who also could fly, succeeded in driving off the harpies, but without killing any of them, following a request from Iris, who promised that Phineus would not be bothered by the Harpies again. "The dogs of great Zeus" returned to their "cave in
Minoan Crete". Thankful for their help, Phineus told the Argonauts how to pass the Symplegades.

They were agents of punishment who abducted people and tortured them on their way to Tartarus. They were vicious, cruel and violent. They lived on the islands of the Strophades. They were usually seen as the personifications of the destructive nature of wind
6/2

memento more: remember to die ( reminder of death)



Morieris by Hans Memling, 1483
Morieris by Hans Memling, 1483









invictus: undefeated

Prince Harry Quote for the Invictus Games 2016 in Orlando FL
Prince Harry Quote for the Invictus Games 2016 in Orlando FL



memento : a reminder
victim: one defeated

external image s-l1000.jpg


The Sirens were beautiful but dangerous creatures that lured the sailors with their beautiful voices to their doom, causing the ships to crash on the reefs near their island.
They were the daughters of the river god Achelous, while their mother may have been one of the Muses . Although closely linked to marine environments, they were not considered sea deities. The texts mentioning the Sirens provide different opinions as to their number and their names; some mention two or three; others mention more.

The Sirens were probably considered the companions of Persephone, daughter of goddess Demeter. The latter had given them wings in order to protect her daughter; however, after Persephone's abduction from Hades, Demeter cursed them. The Sirens' song was a beautiful, yet sad melody, eternally calling for Persephone's return.

external image sirens.jpg


KIRKE (or Circe) was a goddess pharmakeia (witch or sorceress) who lived with her nymph attendants on the mythical island of Aiaia. She was skilled in the magic of metamorphosis, the power of illusion, and the dark art of necromancy.
When Odysseus landed on her island she transformed his men into animals(pigs), but with the help of the god Hermes, he overcame the goddess and forced her to release his men from her spell.
Kirke's name was derived from the Greek verb kirkoô meaning "to secure with rings" or "hoop around"--a reference to her magical powers.
Kirke's island of Aiaia was located in the farthest west, on the boundary between the sea and the river Okeanos which encircled the earth.
external image waterhouse_circe_offering_the_cup_t.jpg
external image circe_barker.jpg




mors subita: a sudden death

mortician: one who prepares the dead for burial

lupum auribus teneo: I hold a wolf by the ears ( a bad situation in which none of the options are good)

aural: concerning ears or hearing


Scylla and Charybdis

The powerful monsters Scylla and Charybdis lived together in a sea cave. Scylla had many fierce dog heads and ate sailors alive; Charybdis created whirlpools by sucking in and spitting out seawater. Both Jason and Odysseus safely traveled by these monsters.
external image 5746.jpg scylla-and-charybdis.jpg


6/1
Me Hercules!!!!! Est menses Iunonis!!!!!


Simulatio amoris peior odio est - Pretended love is worse than hatred (Pliny the Younger).


Amor caecus est: Love is blind



simulation:imitation or enactment, as of something anticipated or in testing; the act or process of pretending; feigning.

pejorative: expressing contempt or disapproval



Orpheus and Eurydice


Orpheus and Eurydice get married, but later that night, Eurydice is bit by a snake and dies. So far, so terrible. Overcome with grief, Orpheus travels to the Underworld to bring her back to life. He convinces Hades and Persephone to let Eurydice go, but her release comes with a catch: Eurydice must walk behind him as they ascend to the upper world, and Orpheus is forbidden from looking at her. Seems easy enough, right?

Unfortunately, Orpheus is overcome with passion just as they reach the exit. He turns to look at Eurydice and she is immediately sent back to the Underworld – forever. Orpheus is devastated (again) and roams around Greece playing sad songs. Eventually, he is ripped to shreds by the Bacchae, a group of drunken mad women. ( www.smoop)

OrpheusEurydice3.jpg
OrpheusEurydice3.jpg
orpheus and cerberus.jpg
orpheus and cerberus.jpg


Orpheus-and-Eurydice-2.jpg
Orpheus-and-Eurydice-2.jpg



Orpheus student film